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Возведение домов по канадской технологии

19.01.2014 Раздел: Строительство и ремонт Комментарии: (43) Размер текста: A+ / A-

возведение домов по канадской технологииИменно в Канаде нашло своё начало строительство быстро возводимых домов. Возведение домов по канадской технологии имеет каркасно-щитовой принцип и пользуется огромной популярностью во всём мире. Объясняется это тем, что данное решение полностью отвечает современным строительным требованиям. Более того, канадская технология позволяет возводить жилые дома в любое время года. Благодаря подобной практичности строительство дома получается гораздо дешевле, поскольку стоимость материалов в зимний период существенно ниже.

Канадская технология и применяемые материалы

При возведении домов по канадской технологии используются такие стройматериалы, как OSB-плиты и SIP-панели. Последние представляют собой высокотехнологичное сочетание полистирола с облегчённой разновидностью OSB. Они, в свою очередь, являются современной заменой ДСП, поскольку имеют схожую технологию, но с использованием более качественных материалов при изготовлении.

канадская технология материалы

Преимущества канадской технологии

Основным достоинством возведения домов по канадской технологии является полное соответствие таким мировым требованиям, как экологичность и энергосбережение. Также, стоит упомянуть и о других не менее важных преимуществах, которые приведены ниже:

— высокий уровень тепло- и шумоизоляции;

— практичность и высокая скорость строительства;

— лёгкость конструкции, не требующей массивного основания;

— отсутствие необходимости в использовании специальной строительной техники;

— дешевизна материалов;

— отсутствие усадки сооружения, что позволяет начинать отделку сразу же после завершения монтажа;

— незначительное количество отходов в процессе возведения;

— долговечность.

Недостатки канадской технологии

Помимо большого количества плюсов и положительных аспектов строительство домов по канадской технологии имеет и некоторые недостатки. Основными из них являются:

— пожароопасность, поскольку основным составляющим SIP-панелей является пенополистирол;

— необходимость в тщательной маскировке электропроводки;

— подверженность разрушительным воздействиям грызунов;

— низкий уровень естественной вентиляции.

Описание технологии возведения дома

Многие частные застройщики путают канадскую технологию строительства с другими методами возведения, имеющими схожесть в технологии возведения. Каркасно-щитовой способ подразумевает установку стен ограждающего типа исключительно из SIP-панелей, которые и являются несущими элементами всей конструкции.

строительство коттеджей по канадской технологии

Непосредственное возведение дома по канадской технологии следует начинать с выбора места и определения типа грунта на участке. Основание под  конструкцию каркаса не должно быть слишком массивным, поскольку готовое сооружение довольно лёгкое. Как правило, достаточно использовать ленточный или столбчатый фундамент, но если грунт достаточно слабый, то имеет смысл в установке плитного типа.

стройка по канадской технологии

Далее, после заливки основания, необходимо уложить закладные брёвна либо брусья и приступать к монтажу каркаса и обвязки. Для придания конструкции большей устойчивости необходимо установить укосины. Очень практично то, что двери и окна можно монтировать во время строительства, поскольку подобные дома не дают усадки в процессе дальнейшей эксплуатации. Отделка стен выполняется перед началом сооружения кровли. Она, в свою очередь, ни чем не отличается от других технологий. Применяются те же стропила, обрешётка, пароизоляция и сам кровельный материал.

домостроение по канадской технологии

При строительстве жилых каркасно-щитовых домов не следует допускать каких-либо небрежностей. Даже незначительная невнимательность может привести к уменьшению сроков эксплуатации. К примеру, некоторые застройщики игнорируют обработку деревянных элементов специальными антисептическими составами, другие пытаются сознательно сэкономить за счёт использования дефектных материалов.

Доказано, что дом, построенный по канадской технологии, способен прослужить порядка 150 лет без потери первоначальных эксплуатационных свойств.

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Возведение домов по канадской технологии Reviewed by Vash-Remontik.ru on . Именно в Канаде нашло своё начало строительство быстро возводимых домов. Возведение домов по канадской технологии имеет каркасно-щитовой принцип и пользуется ог Именно в Канаде нашло своё начало строительство быстро возводимых домов. Возведение домов по канадской технологии имеет каркасно-щитовой принцип и пользуется ог Rating:
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