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Виды шпатлевок по дереву

18.11.2013 Раздел: Отделочные материалы Комментарии: (68) Размер текста: A+ / A-

виды шпатлевок по деревуШпатлевка по дереву служит для выравнивания обрабатываемой поверхности и устранения ряда дефектов древесины: щелей, отверстий от гвоздей, сколов и выемок. Перед покраской зашпаклеванные участки затираются наждачной бумагой. При нанесении морилки выровненные участки поверхности древесного массива станут выделяться, поскольку шпатлевка впитывает морилку иначе, чем дерево. В таких случаях следует использовать составы, подкрашенные под цвет шпаклюемой древесины.

Классификация шпатлевки по составу

Шпатлевки по дереву подразделяются на три основные группы: клеевые, масляно-клеевые и нитрошпатлевки. Клеевые шпатлевки приготавливаются перед самым началом работы. Как правило, они состоят из трех ингредиентов – замазки, клеевого раствора и пластификатора, в качестве которого зачастую выступает масло. Клеевая основа скрадывает все трещины и неровности на поверхности дерева, прекрасно защищает его как от рассыхания, так и от разбухания.

Масляно-клеевая шпатлевка по дереву

Изготавливается из олифы, лака на масляной основе, определенных связующих компонентов, разнообразных красителей и наполнителей. Широко известны составы на основе глифталиевых лаков – ЛШ-1, ЛШ-2. Преимуществами масляно-клеевых шпатлевок являются их пластичность, быстрота высыхания, долговечность и повышенная стойкость к агрессивным моющим средствам. Упомянутые шпатлевки по дереву на масляно-клеевой основе плохо совместимы с отделочными материалами и покрытиями, изготовленными на основе, отличной от масляных красок и олифы.

Нитрошпатлевка по дереву

Несомненным преимуществом нитрошпатлевок по дереву является малое время, необходимое для их отвердения. Производятся они из разнообразных смол и эфиров целлюлозы. В исходную смесь перед нанесением могут добавляться всевозможные растворители, пластификаторы и наполнители. На отечественном рынке можно встретить нитрошпатлевки марок АШ-24, 30, 32, а также МБШ. Перед началом работы их разводят растворителями Р-645, 646, 647 и нитроклеем АК-20.

Советы по работе со шпатлевкой по дереву

Все виды шпатлевки по дереву обладают высокой адгезией с древесиной, при соблюдении технологии приготовления и нанесения не крошатся и не растрескиваются, поддаются шлифовке как сухим, так и мокрым способом. Наноситься могут либо распылителем, либо шпателем в зависимости от консистенции. Важно следить за однородностью шпатлевки и отсутствием загрязнений и примесей, которые могут забить сопло распылителя или оставить неровности при нанесении шпателем.

Виды шпатлевок по дереву видео:

Виды шпатлевок по дереву Reviewed by Vash-Remontik.ru on . Шпатлевка по дереву служит для выравнивания обрабатываемой поверхности и устранения ряда дефектов древесины: щелей, отверстий от гвоздей, сколов и выемок. Перед Шпатлевка по дереву служит для выравнивания обрабатываемой поверхности и устранения ряда дефектов древесины: щелей, отверстий от гвоздей, сколов и выемок. Перед Rating:
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    Посредством материала можно устранить дефекты на напольных покрытиях из дерева. Шпаклевку некоторых марок производители рекомендуют наносить совместно с древесной пылью, полученной после шлифовки деревянного основания, это позволяет сделать места устранения недочетов практически неразличимыми.

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