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Виды схем электроснабжения, их непосредственное применение.

10.06.2017 Раздел: Инструмент и оборудование Комментарии: (79) Размер текста: A+ / A-

Первым делом электрику, то есть специалисту который будит выполнять работы по электромонтажу, нужно составит последовательный план дальнейших действии, начертить монтажную схему, схему подключения и распределения. Имея схемы и четкое представление о дальнейшей работе, труд связанные с монтажом станет намного проще и понятней.
Почему так необходимы эти схемы?
Точно составить список нужных расходных материалов бес схем просто не возможно. То есть изучив схему монтажа, схему подключения и распределения электропроводки, можно рассчитать нужную длину кабеля, его сечения, количество жил в нём, если нужно из за пожаробезопасности длину гофрировано трубы из ПВХ, количество распределительных коробок, выключателей, розеток, устройств защиты как самой проводки так и человека. Схемы помогут нам, определить наилучшее место на улице для расположения учетно распределительного щита, с прибором учета, место для бокса внутри помещения с выключателями автоматическими, с устройствами дифференциальной зашиты.
Один из возможных вариантов схем электромонтажа, подключения и распределения в частном доме.
Как правило питание к дому подходит от воздушной линий (ВЛ), напряжением 0,4 кВ. От столба (опоры) до учетно распределительного электрощита, передача электрической энергий осуществляется не завися от того является сеть однофазной или трехфазной по кабелям СИП (само несущий изолированный провод), АВВГнг (Алюминиевая жила, ПВХ изоляция, ПВХ оболочка, отсутствие защитного покрова, не поддерживающий горение).mRB6-228x228
Сейчас организаций поставляющие электроэнергию устанавливают приборы учёта на улице для наилучшего обслуживания и бес проблемного снятия показаний (раньше счётчики ставились в доме). Поэтому, на улице в учётном щите устанавливается непосредственно сам электросчётчик, с водными автоматическими выключателями, при необходимости с устройством дифференциальной защиты селективного действия.
К щиту или боксу который будит установлен непосредственно внутри помещения подвод электричества осуществляется путём укладки кабеля ВВГнг (Медная жила, ПВХ изоляция, ПВХ оболочка, отсутствие защитного покрова, не поддерживающий горение) или АВВГнг (Алюминиевая жила, ПВХ изоляция, ПВХ оболочка, отсутствие защитного покрова, не поддерживающий горение) от водно учётного распределительного электрощита расположенного на улице. У кабеля заранее рассчитывается необходимое количество жил, зависит это, от того какая будит сеть однофазная или трёхфазная, учитывая будущую электрическую нагрузку, определяется его сечение.
С этого внутреннего бокса и начнется снабжение вашего дома электрической энергией. Для провального и равноценного распределения необходимых электрических нагрузок, потребителей в помещений разбивают на группы . Осмотрим основные примеры потребительских групп:
1. Группы освещения. (используется кабель монтажный марки ВВГнг, NYM 3 /1,5)
2. Резе точные группы. (используется кабель монтажный марки ВВГнг, NYM 3/2,5)
3. Силовые группы. Сюда входят: стиральная машина, водонагреватель, кондиционер, холодильник, духовка, микроволновка. (используется кабель монтажный марки ВВГнг, NYM 3/2,5 и 3/4)
4. Хозяйственные постройки. Сюда входят: гараж, баня, летная кухня, подвал и т.п. (используется кабель монтажный марки ВВГнг, NYM 3/2,5 и 3/4)
Для каждой из групп потребителей, внутри дома в электрощите, устанавливаются отдельные устройства зашиты (УЗО, дифференциальные автоматы, автоматические выключатели). Купить дифференциальные автоматы можете на сайте http://eco-system.com.ua/raspredelenie-elektroenergii/diffavtomati-i-uzo/differencialnye-avtomaty/
Имея чертёж, план дома, работа связанная с составлением схемы размещения электрической проводки в нем, будут намного проще и быстрее.

Виды схем электроснабжения, их непосредственное применение. Reviewed by Vash-Remontik.ru on . Первым делом электрику, то есть специалисту который будит выполнять работы по электромонтажу, нужно составит последовательный план дальнейших действии, начертит Первым делом электрику, то есть специалисту который будит выполнять работы по электромонтажу, нужно составит последовательный план дальнейших действии, начертит Rating: 0
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