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Виды распила древесины

13.10.2013 Раздел: Пиломатериалы Комментарии: (44) Размер текста: A+ / A-

Виды распила древесиныАссортимент предлагаемых пиломатериалов достаточно широк, продукция деревообработки различается по качеству, стоимости, а так же по видам распила древесины. Давайте более подробно разберемся какие существуют виды распила древесины, а для этого прежде рассмотрим в общих чертах что из себя представляет непосредственно технология распила леса.

Первым делом, исходное бревно циркулярной пилой превращается в лафет, пропиливая по его сторонам две плоскости. Если пропилены все стороны, то на выходе будет обрезной материал, который делится на брус, мелкий брус и доску обрезную. Строганным патронажем называют вагонку, половую доску, наличники и плинтусы. К клееным изделиям относят, к примеру, мебельные щиты.

Классификация поверхностей пиломатериала

После обработки на пилораме по типам классифицируются поверхности полученных пиломатериалов. В частности, широкой гранью называется пласть, концевой – торец, а узкие стороны – кромками. Пласть относится к наружной, если она была дальше расположена от середины бревна, соответственно ближняя классифицируется как внутренняя.

Классификация поверхностей пиломатериала

Распил древесины

Существуют следующие виды распила древесины: радиальный, тангенциальный или рустикал. В зависимости от габаритов поперечного сечения обрезной материал подразделяется на доску, брусья и бруски. Если ширина сечения вдвое превышает толщину, то это доска. Обрезной пиломатериал относится к брусьям, если размеры поперечного сечения больше 10 см. Отличительным признаком брусков является ширина, меньшая удвоенной толщины.

Распил древесины

Основные габариты пиломатериалов

Существуют стандартные габариты пиломатериалов. Например, сечение бруса может быть 10х10, 10х15 или 15х15 см, а длина составляет 6 м. Отклонение от этих нормативов потребует оформления специального заказа, а также будет сопряжено с дополнительными финансовыми затратами. Наиболее дорогим является профилированный брус, изготавливаемый по самому высокому классу чистоты.

Основные габариты пиломатериалов

Доска обрезная может быть в толщину 2,5 см, 4 см или 5 см, в ширину 10 см, 15 см, а в длину составлять стандартные 6 м. Длина мелкого бруса, помимо типовой величины в 6 м, может быть равна также 3 м. Его сечение будет 4х4 см или 5х5 см. Побочным продуктом производства указанных пиломатериалов является горбыль, с одной стороны которого имеется пласть, а с противоположной – необработанная древесина.

Критерии выбора пиломатериалов

Перед тем как выбрать хорошие пиломатериалы, первым делом следует выяснить сорт предлагаемой древесины. Он может варьироваться от 4-го до 0-го в зависимости от числа сучков и их качества. Обязательно необходимо проверять длину пиломатериалов и размеры сечения. Если видны изгибы или поворотные деформации, то от покупки подобной продукции лучше воздержаться. Проверить ровность пиломатериалов можно, приложив натянутый шнурок.

Станочный распил древесины видео:

Виды распила древесины Reviewed by Vash-Remontik.ru on . Ассортимент предлагаемых пиломатериалов достаточно широк, продукция деревообработки различается по качеству, стоимости, а так же по видам распила древесины. Дав Ассортимент предлагаемых пиломатериалов достаточно широк, продукция деревообработки различается по качеству, стоимости, а так же по видам распила древесины. Дав Rating:
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