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Сливная яма и ее обустройство

16.03.2016 Раздел: Разное Комментарии: (60) Размер текста: A+ / A-

Когда начинается лето, то большинство людей покидают душный город и отправляются на дачу. Достаточно часто на дачных участках нет современной канализации. В квартире все отходы идут в центральную канализационную систему, но поскольку на даче нет данной системы, то это является некоторым препятствием для полноценного отдыха. Приблизить свою дачу к цивилизованному миру можно и достаточно просто, все, что вам нужно для этого сделать, так это обустроить сливную яму.
2

Как выбрать место для сливной ямы?

Перед тем как сделать сливную яму необходимо определиться с ее местоположением. Это достаточно не простой вопрос, потому что на выбор места влияет несколько факторов. Во-первых, яму не можно располагать возле дома и прочих построек, минимальное расстояние должно быть около семи метров. Во-вторых, не стоит делать канализационные трубы слишком длинными. В-третьих, необходимо предусмотреть доступ к яме, например, для ассенизаторской машины.

Как определить объем резервуара для стоков?

Объем сливной ямы рассчитывается с учетом использования водных ресурсов. Если участок служит для отдыха только в летнее время года, то яму можно сделать небольшую. Все будет зависеть от количества отдыхающих людей и от того, будет ли использоваться сливная яма для бани или нет.
Если вы строите яму на участке, где постоянно проживаете, то в таком случае необходимо предусмотреть несколько канализационных отходов.
Также необходимо учесть услуги откачки. Если яма будет быстро наполняться, то вам часто придется пользоваться услугами ассенизаторской машины и это может обойтись в «приличную» сумму.
1

Материал для выгребной ямы

После того как вы определили объем, можно переходить к выбору материала. Устройство ямы может быть разным, начиная от кирпичей и заканчивая старыми шинами.
Самым простым и доступным способом обустройства является строительство из кирпича.
Для начала необходимо вырыть яму нужного объема, затем засыпать дно песком, примерно 15 сантиметров, а поверх выложить слой бетона. Укладывать кирпич необходимо в шахматном порядке с помощью песка и цемента. Чтобы продлить срок эксплуатации, можно уложить слой армированной сетки и заштукатурить все это.
Одним из главных этапов данной работы является вентиляция. Для этого можно вмонтировать вентиляционную трубу или сделать вентиляцию через отверстие люка.
3
Помимо кирпича выгребную яму можно обустроить бетонными кольцами. Данный процесс будет происходить следующим образом. Для начала необходимо залить дно, как это делалось в яме из кирпича. Теперь можно приступить к установке бетонных колец. Это можно сделать как с помощью техники, так и вручную, но обязательно с помощью других лиц. Стыки между кольцами необходимо проделать герметиком. Перед тем как выполнить установку труб, необходимо сделать отверстия для установки внутрь бетонных колец.
4
Еще одним вариантом обустройства ямы является обычная бочка. Изначально необходимо вырыть яму, диаметр которой, должен на 15-20 сантиметров превышать диаметр бочки.
Дно ямы нужно засыпать слоем песка, около 15 сантиметров и начать установку емкости. В завершение засыпьте щели между бочкой и стенками ямы землей.
Выкопать и обустроить сливную яму своими руками не составит большого труда, особенно если руководствоваться всеми правилами и советами.

Сливная яма своими руками видео:

Сливная яма и ее обустройство Reviewed by Vash-Remontik.ru on . Когда начинается лето, то большинство людей покидают душный город и отправляются на дачу. Достаточно часто на дачных участках нет современной канализации. В ква Когда начинается лето, то большинство людей покидают душный город и отправляются на дачу. Достаточно часто на дачных участках нет современной канализации. В ква Rating: 0
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