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Расчет толщины утеплителя

28.11.2011 Раздел: Утепление Комментарии: (64) Размер текста: A+ / A-

расчет толщины утеплителя стенВыбор теплоизоляционного материала для стен будущего дома задача крайне важная. Широкий ассортимент материалов в магазинах вызывает стойкое желание сэкономить на утеплителе, тем более, даже самые известные производители предлагают свою продукцию по весьма приемлемым ценам.

Конечно, на теплоизоляционных материалах вполне можно сэкономить, но лучше всего проверить надежность предлагаемого продавцами утеплителя самостоятельно. Не стоит забывать, что качественный утеплитель помогает существенно снизить расходы на отопление. В некоторых случаях экономия может составлять до 50%. Значительно, не так ли?

Конструкция трехслойных стен

По новым стандартам эффективность теплоизоляции повышается с размещением теплоизоляционного слоя снаружи здания.  При таких условиях отличным решением является трехслойная стена. Возможны следующие конструкции:
•    наружный слой – фасадная система, внутренний слой – утеплитель, воздушная прослойка и кирпич или иной материал;
•    наружный слой – кирпич, внутренний слой – шлакоблок, прослойка состоит из утеплителя;
•    наружный и внутренний слой – кирпич, прослойка состоит из утеплителя.

Расчет толщины утеплителя для стен дома

Вы можете самостоятельно рассчитать, какая толщина теплоизоляционного слоя будет оптимальна для вашего дома. Расчеты строятся с применением коэффициента теплопроводности, показывающего, насколько эффективен строительный материал. При покупке выбирайте материал с наименьшим коэффициентом. Как правило, вся необходимая информация печатается производителем непосредственно на упаковке.

В качестве примера попробуем рассчитать необходимую толщину утеплителя «Изовер» для трехслойной стены, состоящей из следующих элементов:
•    облицовочный кирпич (толщина слоя: 0,12 м, коэффициент теплопроводности: 0,47 Вт/мК);
•    шлакоблок (толщина слоя: 0,4 м, коэффициент теплопроводности: 0,46 Вт/мК);
•    утеплитель «Изовер» (толщина слоя: неизвестна, коэффициент теплопроводности: 0,037 Вт/мК);
Кроме того, нам известен нормируемый коэффициент теплопроводности для средней полосы России, нижняя граница температуры воздуха в которой держится на отметке минус 25 -28 °С. Сумма показателей толщины, разделенных на соответствующие коэффициенты теплопроводности материалов в трехслойной стене должна быть равна этому показателю, что позволяет составить уравнение следующего вида:
0,12 / 0,47 + 0,4 / 0,46 + Х/0,037 = 2,8
Отсюда находим неизвестное значение, которое равно 0,06 м или 6 см. Можно сделать вывод, что при толщине утеплителя менее полученного числа утепление будет неэффективным и возможны значительные тепло-потери. Если учесть, что толщина выпускаемых плит «Изовер» —  5 или 10 см, то становится ясно, что для предотвращения тепло-потерь и создания резерва на случай непредвиденного понижения температуры наиболее разумно использовать плиты самой большой толщины.

Для удобного и быстрого расчета хорошо использовать специальные программы, в которых изначально заложены все необходимые коэффициенты и данные. Одной из таких программ является программа «Теремок», особым плюсом которой является скорость установки.

Расчет толщины утеплителя Reviewed by Vash-Remontik.ru on . Выбор теплоизоляционного материала для стен будущего дома задача крайне важная. Широкий ассортимент материалов в магазинах вызывает стойкое желание сэкономить н Выбор теплоизоляционного материала для стен будущего дома задача крайне важная. Широкий ассортимент материалов в магазинах вызывает стойкое желание сэкономить н Rating:
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