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Расчет монолитного перекрытия

29.04.2016 Раздел: Сделаем своими руками Комментарии: (51) Размер текста: A+ / A-

Прочность стен – очень важный показатель, от которого зависит надежность и долговечность любого здания, однако не менее важным показателем является и прочность перекрытий. Если в здании прочный пол, то находиться в нем будет намного комфортнее и безопаснее, особенно, если речь идет о многоэтажных строениях. В большинстве случаев перекрытия делают плитами, которые требуют придерживаться определенных правил и выступают на этапе проведения расчетов в качестве константы. Если же перекрытие делается монолитным, то в таком случае нужно ответственно подходить к расчетам и учитывать многочисленные нюансы, поскольку недопустимо ошибиться при выполнении этого этапа работы.

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Особенности расчета монолитных перекрытий

Любой из видов перекрытий может выдержать определенную нагрузку, которая выражается в килограммах. Если неправильно произвести расчеты, то конструкция будет ослабленной и в конечном итоге может попросту разрушиться. Сперва начнут появляться трещины в бетоне, а после этого конструкция станет буквально разваливаться. Расчет монолитного перекрытия должен осуществляться с небольшим запасом прочности, при этом обязательно должны учитываться свойства марки бетона, а также применяемой арматуры заказать которую можно по следующей ссылке. Учитывается также диаметр и количество арматурных прутьев и их общая масса. Нередко монолитные перекрытия усиливаются посредством горизонтальных железобетонных балок. Они станут выступать в качестве дополнительных ребер жесткости и повысят прочность конструкции. Их расчет произвести довольно просто, так как для этого потребуется лишь знать высоту, ширину и длину каждой балки.

Схема обустройства перекрытия: 1 – Балка перекрытия, 2 – Арматура, 3 – Бетон, 4 – Несущий профнастил ТП-85, 5 – Шуруп (винт) самосверлящий некрашеный.

Схема обустройства перекрытия: 1 – Балка перекрытия, 2 – Арматура, 3 – Бетон, 4 – Несущий профнастил ТП-85, 5 – Шуруп (винт) самосверлящий некрашеный.

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Что нужно учитывать на этапе проведения расчетов?

Примечательно, что все перекрытия большой площади должны иметь опорные двутавровые балки, ознакомиться с сортаментом можно по ссылке http://www.ekb.spk.ru/sic/shop/_t_/g=metalloprokat/s=fasonnyy-prokat/p=balka/. Они в дальнейшем заливаются бетоном и дополнительно армируются. В настоящее время допустимая нагрузка для жилого помещения должна быть не менее 150 килограмм, при этом нужно учитывать и коэффициент запаса прочности, который равен значению 1.3. С учетом этого коэффициента нормативная нагрузка составляет 195 килограмм. Что касательно соотношения толщины перекрытия и ее площади, то оно должно быть равным 1:30. Например, если планируется сделать монолитное перекрытие размерами 3х2 метра, то вполне будет достаточно его толщины в 20 сантиметров. Важно расположить арматурные прутья таким образом, чтобы крайние из них были погружены в бетонный раствор как минимум на три сантиметра.

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Выше мы рассказали о том, какие параметры нужно брать во внимание и какие нюансы недопустимо игнорировать на этапе расчета монолитного перекрытия. Если не уверены, что сможете произвести его самостоятельно, то можно воспользоваться специальным калькулятором. Нужно будет лишь указать необходимые для расчета параметры и дождаться пока программа выполнит вычисления. Этот вариант намного проще и удобнее, чем считать все самостоятельно.

Расчет монолитного перекрытия Reviewed by Vash-Remontik.ru on . Прочность стен – очень важный показатель, от которого зависит надежность и долговечность любого здания, однако не менее важным показателем является и прочность Прочность стен – очень важный показатель, от которого зависит надежность и долговечность любого здания, однако не менее важным показателем является и прочность Rating: 0
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