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Принцип действия сварочного трансформатора

20.11.2015 Раздел: Инструмент и оборудование Комментарии: (45) Размер текста: A+ / A-

Перед тем как приступить к сварочному процессу, необходимо уделить особое внимание специальному оборудованию для сварки, от которого во многом зависит качество сварного шва. В быту и в производственных цехах наиболее оптимальным вариантом являются сварочные трансформаторы, имеющие много достоинств, и потому столь популярны и востребованы.

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Преимущества сварочных трансформаторов

  • Высокое качество работы;
  • Надежность;
  • Простота в эксплуатации;
  • Легкий вес и малые габариты;
  • Небольшая стоимость.

Функциональные особенности

Сварочные трансформаторы являются незаменимой вещью для ручной дуговой и промышленной сварки. С помощью этих устройств обычное напряжение в сети преобразуется в необходимое для сварочного аппарата. Сила тока в них регулируется плавно, благодаря чему можно подобрать необходимую величину, чтобы получить стабильную дугу для свариваемых материалов самой различной толщины. Все современные трансформаторы, как правило, имеют компактные размеры и удобны при транспортировке. Для моделей весом более 20 кг предусмотрены колеса, которые помогают перемещать устройство к непосредственному месту работ.

Сварочный трансформатор ТДМ-181

Наиболее востребованной моделью в этой классификации является сварочный трансформатор ТДМ-181. Такие устройства предназначены для ручной дуговой сварки на переменном токе. Он плавно регулирует сварочный ток, быстро меняет режимы с помощью механического шунта и имеет сетевой выключатель. Горение дуги очень устойчивое и зажигать его довольно просто.

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Виды сварочных трансформаторов

Эти устройства могут подразделяться по фазовому регулированию на:

  • Однофазные модели – они чаще всего применяются в быту, поскольку работают только при напряжении 220 В. А этого вполне достаточно для такого вида работ.
  • Трехфазные – такие модели работают при напряжении в сети 380 В. Они обеспечивают высокую силу тока, которая вполне годится для сваривания более толстого металла. Есть универсальные устройства, которые сочетают в себе возможность работать как при напряжении 220 В, так и более высоком – 380 В.

По конструкции делятся на:

  • Модели с номинальным магнитным рассеиванием. В них входит трансформатор и дроссель, регулирующий напряжение.
  • Более сложную конструкцию имеют устройства с увеличенным магнитным рассеиванием. В своем составе они имеют конденсатор, несколько подвижных обмоток и прочие детали.
  • Тиристорные модели – более новый вид сварочных трансформаторов, состоящий из тиристорного фазорегулятора и тиристорного трансформатора. Они более легкие и компактные по сравнению с другими моделями.

Сварочные трансформаторы широко используются даже непрофессионалами при выполнении работ по соединению металлических деталей.

Сварочный трансформатор видео:

Принцип действия сварочного трансформатора Reviewed by Vash-Remontik.ru on . Перед тем как приступить к сварочному процессу, необходимо уделить особое внимание специальному оборудованию для сварки, от которого во многом зависит качество Перед тем как приступить к сварочному процессу, необходимо уделить особое внимание специальному оборудованию для сварки, от которого во многом зависит качество Rating: 0
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