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Охладитель воздуха принцип работы

23.08.2012 Раздел: Климатическая техника Комментарии: (70) Размер текста: A+ / A-

мобильный охладитель воздухаС наступлением лета многие сталкиваются с такой проблемой как жаркий микроклимат в помещении. При высоких температурах нахождение в доме становится невыносимым, а работать в таких условиях и вовсе невозможно. Решением такой проблемы может послужить кондиционер. Но установка кондиционера в небольших помещениях, особенно в доме – не самая лучшая идея. В таком случае стоит всерьез задуматься об установке охладителя воздуха.

Основные понятия и характеристики

Для создания в помещении необходимого микроклимата требуются внешние регуляторы, в качестве которых, в основном, выступают кондиционеры и мобильные охладители воздуха. Вторые более востребованы и на это есть ряд причин:

•   Низкая цена. Из-за простого обслуживания и конструкции цена, в отличие от кондиционера, значительно меньше (от 2500 т.р.).

•   Ноль затрат на установку. Принцип работы охладителей воздуха не требует вывода наружу, поскольку при своей работе они не выделяют конденсат. А это значит, что сверлить дыры в стене больше не нужно.

•   Низкая энергопотребляемость. За счет простого устройства потребление электроэнергии почти в десять раз меньше в отличие от кондиционера.

•   Мобильность. Благодаря небольшим размерам он весьма мобилен, его легко переносить из комнаты в комнату, он помещается даже в багажнике автомобиля. Кроме того, воздухоохладитель оснащен колесами, с помощью которых можно легко передвинуть его в другое место.

•   Экологически чист. Воздухоохладитель не использует вредные для организма химические вещества.

Из минусов необходимо отметить, что охладители воздуха способны понизить температуру в помещении всего на 6-8 °C.

Охладитель воздуха принцип работы

Испарение воды с поглощением тепла из воздуха является основой работы всех охладитель воздуха. Этот процесс естественен, т.е. не требует использования каких-либо химических добавок и сложных конструкций. Одним словом, чем выше окружающая температура, тем быстрее происходит испарение и охлаждение воздуха в помещении. Этот процесс не требует больших затрат электроэнергии. Охладители воздуха состоят из фильтра, водяного насоса и вентилятора. Вентилятор засасывает потоки воздуха из помещения. Воздух проходит через специально уплотненный фильтр, который постоянно смачивается водой. На этом и основан принцип работы охладителя воздуха.

охладитель воздуха принцип работы

Простота конструкции, практически полностью исключает какие-либо поломки, а обслуживание такого устройства не вызовет сложностей даже у ребенка. Кроме того, при испарении воды фильтруется сам воздух, все частицы пыли оседают на фильтре, тем самым очищая воздух в помещении.

Фреоновые воздухоохладители

Водяные воздухоохладители незаменимы на промышленных объектах. Как правило, такого способа охлаждения хватает для работающих установок – электродвигателей, гидрогенераторов. Но иногда этого недостаточно и тогда в качестве вспомогательного вещества используют хладагент – фреон. Воздух попадает в охлажденный контур, замедляется и тепло отдается фреону. Таким способом температуру воздуха можно понизить на 20 градусов. Такой способ охлаждения применяют на производственных предприятиях, где происходит сильный нагрев работающего оборудования.

Стоит отметить, что установка воздухоохладителей не всегда уместна. Например, в больших помещениях с частым проветриванием корректно установить кондиционер, а в жилом помещении – охладитель воздуха. Сейчас существует огромный выбор воздушных охладителей. Применение их разнообразно: от маленьких детских комнат, до огромных производственных цехов. Но каждый из них преследует одну и ту же цель – создание определенного микроклимата в помещении за счет испарения воды.

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Охладитель воздуха принцип работы Reviewed by Vash-Remontik.ru on . С наступлением лета многие сталкиваются с такой проблемой как жаркий микроклимат в помещении. При высоких температурах нахождение в доме становится невыносимым, С наступлением лета многие сталкиваются с такой проблемой как жаркий микроклимат в помещении. При высоких температурах нахождение в доме становится невыносимым, Rating:
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    Сейчас же для производства прохладного и увлажненного воздуха используются довольно компактные приборы, которые называются испарительные охладители. Охлаждение воздуха происходит за счет испарения воды, без применения химических веществ, в том числе и хладагентов, а также требует меньших энергозатрат, чем кондиционирование.

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