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Облицовочный кирпич свойства

01.12.2015 Раздел: Кирпич, плитка и т.д. Комментарии: (54) Размер текста: A+ / A-

Облицовочный кирпич имеет немало общих свойств с обычным строительным кирпичом. Кроме одинаковой формы и размеров он также может иметь пустотелое и полнотелое исполнение. Но по своим эксплуатационным свойствам он значительно отличается от рядового кирпича. Облицовочный кирпич характеризуется более низким водопоглощением (от 6 до 12%), поэтому он хорошо противостоит неблагоприятным атмосферным влияниям.

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Высокая прочность и низкая водопоглотительная способность лицевого кирпича обусловлена использованием высокосортной глины, без включений сульфатов и мергеля, а также с особым компонентным составом. В состав такого материала часто добавляются специальные добавки и песок, которые улучшают свойства лицевого кирпича и придают ему разную окраску. Полуфабрикаты обжигаются при более высокой температуре, чем полуфабрикаты строительного кирпича. Готовые изделия имеют точные геометрические размеры. Можно купить традиционный кирпич с формой в виде параллелепипеда или фасонный кирпич с округленными углами, который предназначается для отделки наружных углов, свесов, карнизов, проёмов и других элементов фасада. Декоративный лицевой кирпич имеет две или более сторон с выраженной фактурой. Для повышения декоративных качеств материала изделия подвергают глазурованию или ангобированию.

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Особым видом облицовочного кирпича является клинкерный кирпич. В состав его компонентов входят высококачественные тугоплавкие глины хорошей выдержки, а обжиг осуществляется при температуре от 1100 до 1450°С. Благодаря применению такой технологии материал приобретает превосходную прочность. Ассортимент клинкерного кирпича состоит из двух видов: кирпич без пустот (полнотелый); кирпич с вертикальными пустотами (пустотелый). Пустоты предусмотрены для уменьшения массы изделий. Водопоглотительная способность клинкера не превышает 6%, а марка — не меньше М350. Образцы клинкера более низкой марки имеют пониженное водопоглощение, а образцы более высокой марки – повышенное.
При приготовлении кладочного раствора рекомендуется учитывать низкую водопоглотительную способность клинкерного кирпича и использовать только сухие смеси. Клинкерный кирпич отличается морозостойкостью и выдерживает без разрушений не менее ста циклов замораживания-оттаивания. Он стоек к воздействию атмосферных осадков, не выгорает под ультрафиолетовыми лучами, пожаробезопасен. Клинкер является идеальным материалом для отделки и строительства наружных стен домов, подверженных высокой механической нагрузке.

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Требования к облицовочному кирпичу более жёсткие по сравнению с требованиями, предъявляемыми к другим керамическим стеновым материалам. Нормативы регламентируют ударную прочность, допустимые повреждения и отклонения от размеров. Лицевой кирпич не должен иметь сквозных трещин, в которые будет попадать вода. Допустимы лишь небольшие сколы.

Облицовочный кирпич свойства Reviewed by Vash-Remontik.ru on . Облицовочный кирпич имеет немало общих свойств с обычным строительным кирпичом. Кроме одинаковой формы и размеров он также может иметь пустотелое и полнотелое и Облицовочный кирпич имеет немало общих свойств с обычным строительным кирпичом. Кроме одинаковой формы и размеров он также может иметь пустотелое и полнотелое и Rating: 0
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