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Механический и химический анкерный крепеж

11.03.2016 Раздел: Инструмент и оборудование Комментарии: (45) Размер текста: A+ / A-

При строительстве и ремонте применяются различные типы крепежных элементов, которые различаются по области применения, материалу, конструктивных особенностям и способу монтажа. В число наиболее распространенных входят анкеры — особая разновидность крепежа, которая делится на два основных вида: механический и химический. Существует также разновидность огнеупорного анкера, почитать о котором можно по ссылке http://silicongroup.ru/. В данной статье речь пойдет об основных различиях и сферах использования механического и химического анкера.

Механические анкера

В эту группу входит весь анкерный крепеж, произведенный из металла. К наиболее популярным типам таких анкеров относятся:

  • Анкер м10 — забиваемый крепеж со вставным болтом, используемый при установке тяжелых конструкций в плотные материалы (кирпич, природный камень, бетон). Этот тип метиза способен выдерживать большие нагрузки за счет регулируемой области расширения. Изделия производятся с электроцинковым и элетропассированым покрытиями.
  • Анкер-гильза, посредством которого можно производить не только различные крепления, но и их демонтаж. Данное свойство обеспечивается за счет наличия метрической резьбы на внутренней стороне изделия, позволяющей фиксировать винты, болты и шпильки стандартных размеров.

Также анкер-гильза имеет наружные насечки, необходимые для более прочного крепления в основание. При демонтаже нужно просто выкрутить весь анкерный крепеж.

Особенности-применения-анкеров

Есть различные виды анкеров с гильзами, и к наиболее распространенным из них относится анкер-шпилька — купить этот тип метиза стоит при необходимости сквозного монтажа металлоконструкций к бетонным, каменным и кирпичным основаниям. Анкер-шпилька может быть распорным, клиновым и стандартным. Он оснащен гайкой и гильзой. Забивается посредством молотка в заранее сделанное в основании отверстие.

Химический анкерный крепеж

Это определенное химическое вещество с клеевыми свойствами, которое связывает прикрепляемый материал и основание. Химический или вклеивающийся анкер внешне похож на картридж с клеящим составом на основе органических полимеров и искусственных смол.

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Принцип работы химического анкерного крепежа достаточно простой — когда вещество попадает в материал основания, оно глубоко впитывается в его поры, образуя «монолитность» прикрепляемого изделия и основы. При этом данный тип крепежа может использоваться для самых разных видов оснований, в том числе, влажных и даже находящихся под водой. Чаще всего их применяют для газобетона, пористых материалов и легких бетонов.

Механический и химический анкерный крепеж Reviewed by Vash-Remontik.ru on . При строительстве и ремонте применяются различные типы крепежных элементов, которые различаются по области применения, материалу, конструктивных особенностям и При строительстве и ремонте применяются различные типы крепежных элементов, которые различаются по области применения, материалу, конструктивных особенностям и Rating: 0
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    Как правило, прочность достигается за счет того, что крепеж, вкручиваемый или вбиваемый внутрь полого анкера, раздвигает его стенки. Следует отметить, что описанный выше принцип справедлив лишь для одного типа анкеров — механического, между тем существует другой, гораздо более интересный тип — анкеры химические, обеспечивающие систему крепеж-анкер-материал основания .

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