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Классификация видов крыш

24.04.2017 Раздел: Кровельные материалы Комментарии: (53) Размер текста: A+ / A-

Крыша – это покрытие сооружения. Она играет важную роль в защите, поэтому для ее возведения стоит учитывать все климатические условия и вид строения.

Крыши подразделяются на два типа – это плоские и чердачные.
— Плоские крыши – они имеют очень маленький уклон до 5% для стека воды. Но в строительстве наших домов они почти не употребляются, чаще же их можно встретить на Востоке и в южных странах.
— Чердачные крыши – самые распространенные. Эти крыши состоят обычно из таких элементов как: наклонные скаты, в основе которых лежат – стропила и обрешетка. Мауэрлат – брус, на который опираются наклонно лежащие стропилы, он в основном предназначен для равномерного распределения нагрузки самой крыши на строительный объект. Конек – это горизонтальные ребра, образовавшиеся в процессе пересечения скатов.krysha

Карнизный свес – так называют кроя кровли над зданием. И самое последнее – это когда вода стекает по стекам к настенным жалобам, а от них через водоприемные воронки к водосточным трубам.

Сами же чердачные крыши можно подразделить по форме на такие как:
— Односкатные – это крыши, имеющие один наклонный скат. Он располагается под углом, который образован стенами разной высоты. Применяются они обычно для строительства маленьких построек, таких как веранда, терраса, гараж и склады. Например для Террасы используют специальную террасную доску. Купить террасную доску можно купить http://drenag-system.ru/terrasnay-doska
— Двускатные (щипцовые) – самый применяемый вид крыши для строительства жилых домов. Это крыши, имеющие два ската, которые образуют определенный угол для стека воды с обеих сторон крыши.
— Шатровые – в таких крышах скаты образуют равнобедренный треугольник. В основном применяется для строительства квадратных или равносторонних зданий.
— Вальмовые – четырехскатные крыши. В ней два торцовых ската имеют форму треугольника, а два других – трапеции.b727d07029d4f2206609914fd737f13b

В процессе возведения крыш в зависимости от типа тоже есть свои плюсы и минусы. Например, плоскую крышу не так легко возвести, ведь для ее сооружения используют бетонные плиты. И для них необходимо использовать тяжелую строительную технику. Они больше подходят для больших зданий и многоэтажных домов. А вот скатные крыши предназначены в основном для маленьких объектов – двухэтажных, частных жилых домов и коттеджей. Такие крыши не сложно возвести и самостоятельно. И самое главное при выборе крыши – это учесть все климатические особенности, если считать наши районы, где суровые снежные зимы и очень дождливая погода, то, несомненно, выбор будет в пользу скатных крыш.

Классификация видов крыш Reviewed by Vash-Remontik.ru on . Крыша – это покрытие сооружения. Она играет важную роль в защите, поэтому для ее возведения стоит учитывать все климатические условия и вид строения. Крыши подр Крыша – это покрытие сооружения. Она играет важную роль в защите, поэтому для ее возведения стоит учитывать все климатические условия и вид строения. Крыши подр Rating: 0
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