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Як монтувати перекриття в дерев’яному будинку?

04.06.2017 Раздел: Украинская версия сайта Комментарии: (67) Размер текста: A+ / A-

Балкові перекриття складаються з щитів перекриття, балок і утеплювача пінополіуретан.

Перед тим, як проводити пристрій перекриття треба, осі балок для укладки розбити, після чого перевіряється горизонтальність кожної опори під їх укладання. Якщо є різниця в рівні бетонних опор або цегельних під укладку, треба її усунути, шляхом нанесення розчину на опори, а потім їх вирівняти.

З кожного боку кінці балок, що мають довжину в вісімсот мм, до укладання, які повинні спиратися на кам’яні стіни, треба змастити пастоподібним антисептиком. Так само, можна змастити кінці і смолою, бітумом, після чого, в два шари, обернути руберойдом або толем.
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У кам’яній, добре опалюваємій, будівлі, кінці балок перекриттів укладають в саму стінку, глибиною в двісті мм, потім закладають розчином наглухо, а торець балки повинен від стінки відстояти, приблизно, на тридцять мм. Далі, кінці балок заріжуть «на вус».

Якщо треба укласти балки з дерева, причому з сирої деревини, на зовнішні стіни з каменю, товщиною в шістдесят п’ять см, або більше, то, в цьому випадку, гнізда для балок закладати не треба, їх потрібно залишити відкритими.

Кожну балку кладуть паралельно, одну до іншої. Відстань можна перевірити, між балками, за допомогою шаблону. А горизонтальність укладання перевіряється рівнем.

Отже, було проведене укладання, заміри та балки закріплені цвяхами, тепер треба укласти щити перекриття. Їх кладуть між балками, зверху, на черепні бруски. До них, за допомогою цвяхів, кріплять, забиваючи в планки, навскоси, щити. По щитах кладуть шар руберойду або толю, а потім і утеплювач.

Якщо перекриття панельні, то, кінець панелі, спочатку обробляється пастоподібним антисептиком, на стіну, під нього, укладається пара шарів руберойду або толю, на бітумної мастиці. Панелі кладуться паралельно, і шви між ними закриваються вкладишами.

Кожну панель треба укладати так, щоб кінці спиралися на дерев’яні стінки, причому, не менше, ніж на шістдесят мм. Далі, треба перевірити правильність укладання кожної панелі, а потім скріпити їх цвяхами між собою. Навскоси забити через вкладиш.

Як монтувати перекриття в дерев’яному будинку? Reviewed by Vash-Remontik.ru on . Балкові перекриття складаються з щитів перекриття, балок і утеплювача пінополіуретан. Перед тим, як проводити пристрій перекриття треба, осі балок для укладки р Балкові перекриття складаються з щитів перекриття, балок і утеплювача пінополіуретан. Перед тим, як проводити пристрій перекриття треба, осі балок для укладки р Rating: 0
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