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Устройство перемычек над проемами

09.01.2014 Раздел: Строительство и ремонт Комментарии: (56) Размер текста: A+ / A-

устройство перемычек над проемами в газобетонеУстройство перемычек над проемами как дверными, так и оконными является ответственным этапом при возведении любого дома. Типичная высота подоконного участка стены жилых помещений дома составляет 1 метр. Рекомендуется использовать модульную сетку кладки, чтобы сэкономить время. Высота дверного проема определяется как сумма высоты надстройки пола и 2,01 м. Обычно в результате получается 2,10 м или 2,12 м.

В домах, сооружаемых из газобетонных блоков, есть два основных способа перекрытия проемов перемычками. Первый вариант действий заключается в монтаже деревянной опалубки, которая затем бетонируется. Во втором случае используются готовые бетонные блоки.

перемычки для оконных проемов

При перекрытии просветов шириной до 1,75 м технически возможно сооружение более легких монолитных перемычек, выполненных из пористого бетона. Это решение оправдано при отсутствии на участке подъемного крана. При устройстве перемычек над проемами опалубка обычно состоит из пары боковых досок и нижней панели, схваченных шпангоутами. Последние, как правило, представляют собой деревянные рамы, установленные через каждые 50-70 см. Основная масса арматуры закладывается в нижней части опалубки. Достаточно 4 прутов 12 мм диаметра или 3 прутов арматуры диаметром 15 мм. Расстояние до низа опалубки должно превышать 20 мм.

перемычки над проемами

Оконные и дверные перемычки заливаются раствором, приготовленным из цемента не ниже 400 марки. Заполнив опалубку бетонной смесью, необходимо позаботиться о ее постоянном увлажнении. Убирать опалубку и производить укладку железобетонных плит перекрытия либо продолжать возведение стен можно лишь по истечении 10 дней при температуре воздуха от 15 градусов.

перемычка над дверным проемом

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Устройство перемычек над проемами Reviewed by Vash-Remontik.ru on . Устройство перемычек над проемами как дверными, так и оконными является ответственным этапом при возведении любого дома. Типичная высота подоконного участка сте Устройство перемычек над проемами как дверными, так и оконными является ответственным этапом при возведении любого дома. Типичная высота подоконного участка сте Rating:
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    В этом случае ряды кладки укладываются над проемом по временной стабильной опалубке только на клее для газобетона. В этом случае используется арматура d6-d8 или более с заведением концов арматуры за проекцию грани проема на 50 см с анкеровкой концов арматуры Г-образным углом.

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