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Технология изготовления витражей

27.10.2013 Раздел: Кирпич, плитка и т.д. Комментарии: (53) Размер текста: A+ / A-

Технология изготовления витражейВитраж – непросто обычный элемент отделки, а средство придания интерьеру эксклюзивности и особой эмоциональности. Подобная художественная композиция, выполненная из цветного стекла позволит оживить окружающее пространство и наполнить его игрой света.

Витражи могут применяться в роли художественных элементов фасада или в качестве деталей интерьера помещений. В первом случае они рассчитываются на размещение в условиях естественного освещения, а во втором – на создание неповторимого образа при искусственной подсветке. Встраиваться витражные композиции могут как в оконные стеклопакеты, так и в межкомнатные двери, настенные панно, подвесные потолки, а также в другие элементы декора помещений и предметы мебели.

Технология изготовления наборных (паяных) витражей

Классическая технология изготовления витражей предполагает использование покрытого патиной свинцового либо латунного профиля для соединения крупных кусков цветного стекла в единую композицию. Этот подход позволяет добиться изысканности и великолепного вида витража и гарантирует его долговечность. К недостаткам метода можно отнести большой вес конструкции, высокую стоимость ее изготовления и сложность выполнения монтажа.

технология паяного витража

В конце позапрошлого века описанная выше технология была усовершенствована. Было предложено оборачивать каждый кусок стекла по периметру медной фольгой. Витраж собирается из отдельных элементов посредством пайки. Более тонкая протяжка между отдельными стеклами позволяет придавать изображению объемные формы, сохраняя при этом достаточную жесткость витража и снижая его общий вес. Описанная техника отличается универсальностью применения и наиболее часто используется в производстве оригинальных светильников.

Технология изготовления бесшовных витражей

Их элементы скрепляются особым клеем и спекаются при высокой температуре в печи. Различают две технологии создания бесшовных витражей – кастинг и фьюзинг. Применяются они в основном при отделке помещений в стиле модерн. Спекание элементов витража по технологии фьюзинг происходит на стеклянной подложке при температуре 850 градусов. В результате изделие получается монолитным и имеет характерную волнистую поверхность. Технология кастинг известна также как «муранское стекло». Отливка витражей производится в специальных металлических формах, имеющих рельефные углубления, что позволяет придать стеклу объем.

фьюзинг бесшовный витраж

фьюзинг бесшовный витраж

Для создания витражей применяется стекло толщиной от 2 до 10 мм. Оно может быть ограненным или дутым. Огранка выглядит весьма эффектно, напоминая сиянием драгоценные камни. Внутри дутого стекла находится множество пузырьков воздуха, очень красиво преломляющих свет.

Пескоструйная обработка витражей

В витражах также может применяться гравировка. Для этого сейчас чаще всего используют пескоструйную технологию, вытесняющую устаревшее травление. Мелкие крупинки песка, летящие с большой скоростью, выбивают с поверхности стекла микроскопические частицы, что позволяет наносить изысканные рисунки, создавать рельефные структуры или просто сделать участок стекла матовым.

Пескоструйная обработка витражей

Пескоструйная обработка витражей

Технология изготовления витражей видео:

Технология изготовления витражей Reviewed by Vash-Remontik.ru on . Витраж – непросто обычный элемент отделки, а средство придания интерьеру эксклюзивности и особой эмоциональности. Подобная художественная композиция, выполненна Витраж – непросто обычный элемент отделки, а средство придания интерьеру эксклюзивности и особой эмоциональности. Подобная художественная композиция, выполненна Rating:
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