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Способы сохранения целостности тротуарной кладки

28.10.2015 Раздел: Кирпич, плитка и т.д. Комментарии: (104) Размер текста: A+ / A-

Укладка различных элементов мощения является проверенным веками способом формирования дорог. Раньше, до появления асфальта, почти все крупные дороги были проложены подобным способом. Высокая устойчивость к воздействию различных неблагоприятных факторов является причиной того, что данный способ формирования дорожного покрытия используется и по сей день.

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Неподготовленному человеку укладка дорожной плитки может показаться довольно простой задачей ­– достаточно выровнять поверхность будущей дороги, подготовить «подушку» из песка или щебня и уложить плитку встык с зазором. Однако здесь, как и во многих других видах деятельности, всё самое важное заключается в деталях процесса. Относительно укладки плитки, одним из важнейших моментов является то, что зазор между отдельными плитками всегда должен быть одинаковым. Наличие зазора в целом обязательно, т.к. без него края расположенных рядом плиток неизбежно будут крошиться от постоянного давления друг на друга. Микродвижения, вызванные наступающими на плитку людьми или даже температурными перепадами являются тому причиной. Следует также помнить, что данный зазор обязательно заполняется песком, который в данной ситуации будет играть роль своеобразного демпфера, перераспределяющего нагрузку между отдельными плитками. Размер зазора во многом зависит от типа укладываемой плитки и обычно колеблется в пределах 6-8мм.

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После укладки немаловажной задачей становится предотвращение смещения крайних плиток и сохранение кладки в статичном состоянии. Для её решения используется опалубка для мощения. Данная конструкция является своеобразным ограничителем, который удерживает плитку на месте. Самой лучшей является стальная опалубка т.к. она практически не подвержена деформации, а дополнительная обработка позволяет надёжно защитить её от коррозии.

Вероятность осыпания и искривления кладки на тротуарах особенно велика в силу его небольшой ширины, поэтому здесь следует использовать специальную тротуарную опалубку. Для её изготовления могут применяться самые разные современные материалы, в т. ч. металлический уголок. Главным при использовании тротуарной опалубки является надёжное крепление уголка к грунту. При прокладке дороги на рыхлом или песчаном грунте, усиление конструкции дорожки часто выполняется в виде забитых через определённые промежутки стальных прутьев с приваренной полосой (бортиком).

Если произвести классификацию опалубки для мощения по показателю эффективности, то несомненным лидером здесь будет конструкция, выполненная из стального уголка. Опалубка из листовой стали является относительно недорогим вариантом, однако ограничитель из уголка выдерживает значительно более высокие нагрузки. Для укладки плитки/камня на больших площадях, нередко используется опалубка, выполненная в виде секторов, каждый из которых представляет собой квадраты относительно небольшого размера.

Кладка тротуарной дорожки видео:

Способы сохранения целостности тротуарной кладки Reviewed by Vash-Remontik.ru on . Укладка различных элементов мощения является проверенным веками способом формирования дорог. Раньше, до появления асфальта, почти все крупные дороги были пролож Укладка различных элементов мощения является проверенным веками способом формирования дорог. Раньше, до появления асфальта, почти все крупные дороги были пролож Rating: 0
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    Такое полотно помогает сохранить эксплуатационные характеристики дорожек. Его с успехом используют на неустойчивых грунтах. В таких условиях геотекстиль способен сохранить целостность тротуарного полотна, не допустить его деформации. Геоткань водопроницаема . Тем не менее, даже при наличии в почвенном слое водяного потока, полотно не допускает деформации тротуара. Геотекстиль разделяет слои пешеходной дорожки, препятствует ее разрушению. Полотно придает тротуару особую прочность.

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    Изделия, полученные таким способом, отличаются шероховатой поверхностью, высокой износостойкостью и прочностью, поэтому в подавляющем большинстве случаев для кладки тротуарной плитки применяется именно такой материал.

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