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Предоставленные займы: бухгалтерский учет и отражение в отчетности

25.09.2018 Раздел: Разное Комментарии: (113) Размер текста: A+ / A-

Компания вправе выдать другой фирме или физическому лицу заем. Эту сделку оформляют письменно — договором займа. Проценты, которые получатель должен платить по займу, обычно прописывают в договоре. Если такого условия в нем нет, то их рассчитывают исходя из ставки рефинансирования, действующей на момент возврата займа.

Компания вправе выдать денежные займы и беспроцентный заем. Однако подобное условие обязательно должно быть прописано в договоре. Исключение предусмотрено лишь для займов, выдаваемых не в денежной, а в натуральной форме. По умолчанию считается, что они беспроцентные.

В то же время компания вправе установить в договоре обязанность заемщика уплачивать проценты и по ним. Отметим, что сумму беспроцентных займов в составе финансовых вложений не учитывают. Поэтому по строке 1170 баланса их не отражают. Для подобных займов предназначены строки 1190 (по долгосрочным) или 1230 (по краткосрочным) бухгалтерского баланса.

Какие-либо дополнительные затраты, связанные с выдачей заемных средств (на юридическую экспертизу договора, оплату консультационных услуг и т.д.), учитывают в составе прочих расходов, также смотрите где найти заем денег. Операции по выдаче займов в денежной форме НДС не облагают. Не начисляют налог и на сумму процентов, которые по ним начислены. Поэтому «входной» НДС по тем или иным затратам, связанным с выдачей средств сторонним лицам, к вычету не принимают. Сумму налога включают в состав прочих расходов компании.differents_credit_01

Проценты, начисленные по займам, отражают в составе либо выручки от продаж (если подобные сделки являются обычным видом деятельности), либо прочих доходов (если эти поступления не связаны с обычными видами деятельности фирмы). Их начисляют по окончании каждого отчетного периода (месяца) в соответствии с условиями договора. Это предусмотрено пунктом 16 ПБУ 9/99. Факт уплаты процентов заимодавцем значения не имеет.

Сумму процентов отражают на счетах по учету расчетов. На размер финансовых вложений она не влияет. Это связано с тем, что ПБУ 19/02 предусматривает ограниченный перечень случаев, когда те или иные операции приводят к увеличению стоимости вложений.

При этом начисление процентов по выданным заемным средствам в нем не предусмотрено. Такие проценты могут учитываться по счету 76 «Расчеты с разными дебиторами и кредиторами» (если заем выдан стороннему лицу) или 73 «Расчеты с персоналом по прочим операциям» (если заем выдан сотруднику компании).

Порядок уплаты процентов заемщиком также определяют в договоре. Если он там не указан, то заемщик обязан перечислять их ежемесячно до погашения суммы займа.

При проведении операции по возврату или выдаче наличных займов контрольно-кассовую технику использовать не нужно. Это связано с тем, что в такой ситуации реализации товаров, работ или услуг не происходи. Данное правило в полной мере применяют и в отношении процентов по займу, которые внесены в кассу заимодавца наличными, более подробнее смотрите на сайте zaim-onlain24.ru.

Предоставленные займы: бухгалтерский учет и отражение в отчетности Reviewed by Vash-Remontik.ru on . Компания вправе выдать другой фирме или физическому лицу заем. Эту сделку оформляют письменно - договором займа. Проценты, которые получатель должен платить по Компания вправе выдать другой фирме или физическому лицу заем. Эту сделку оформляют письменно - договором займа. Проценты, которые получатель должен платить по Rating: 0
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