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Отопление за счет энергии земли

10.12.2013 Раздел: Инструмент и оборудование Комментарии: (48) Размер текста: A+ / A-

отопление за счет энергии землиОтопление за счет энергии земли возможно благодаря тепловым насосам – специальным устройствам, предназначенным для извлечения геотермальной энергии. Эффективное домашнее отопление за счет энергии земли можно использовать даже в умеренных широтах, далеко от активных геологических разломов.

Принцип работы теплового насоса

Заключается в использовании одного из газов-хладагентов, имеющих низкую температуру кипения. Подобное вещество в жидкой фазе закачивается в систему подземных труб, проходя по которой оно закипает и испаряется. Переход в газообразную фазу обусловлен тем, что температура грунта уже на глубине порядка 1,5 м постоянна в любое время года и составляет 8 градусов. Этого достаточно для закипания хладагента, который затем закачивается наверх компрессором. При этом газ сжимается и выделяет тепло, например, как при накачивании велосипедного колеса насосом. Экономия достигается за счет того, что затраты энергии в такой домашней системе отопления связаны исключительно с работой компрессорного насоса.

принцип работы теплового насоса

принцип работы теплового насоса

Полученное тепло передается теплоносителю в домашних батареях – обычной воде, идя на отопление за счет энергии земли. Остывший хладагент вновь конденсируется и закачивается под землю. Цикл завершается.

Условия для оптимальной работы теплового насоса

Коэффициент теплопроводности земли растет с увеличением содержания влаги в грунте, поэтому для устройства домашней геотермальной отопительной системы, работающей по принципу теплового насоса, наиболее подходят влажные глинистые грунты. Для отопления типичного загородного дома систему труб потребуется уложить на площади, примерно вдвое превышающей его размеры. Змеевики закладываются на глубине на 30 см ниже границы, до которой возможно промерзание грунта. Лучше выполнять эту работу одновременно с возведением самого дома.

Использование энергии земли в качестве кондиционера

При недостатке свободной земли или невозможности раскопать занятый под другие цели участок, установить тепловой насос можно, пробурив специальные скважины, называемые земляными зондами. Они идут вертикально вниз, достигая глубинных слоев почвы. Использование этой системы имеет преимущество – она позволяет охлаждать дом в жаркую погоду.

охлаждение дома в жаркую погоду

охлаждение дома в жаркую погоду

Технология является надежной и безопасной

Используемые хладагенты абсолютно безопасны для растений и человека, при работе теплового насоса отсутствуют вредные выбросы, которые характерны для горения угля или торфа. Нет необходимости устанавливать дымовую трубу. Тепловой насос гораздо безопаснее системы отопления на газе, поскольку в его элементах температура не превышает 70 градусов, гарантируя абсолютную защиту от пожара.

Отопление за счет энергии земли видео:

Отопление за счет энергии земли Reviewed by Vash-Remontik.ru on . Отопление за счет энергии земли возможно благодаря тепловым насосам – специальным устройствам, предназначенным для извлечения геотермальной энергии. Эффективное Отопление за счет энергии земли возможно благодаря тепловым насосам – специальным устройствам, предназначенным для извлечения геотермальной энергии. Эффективное Rating:
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  • Александр ПРОЦЕНКО

    Здравствуйте! У меня загородный домик 120 кв. м. в 30 км от Москвы к северу (Дмитровское шоссе). Участок 19 соток, из которых около половины — газон. Отопление дома — электрокотел. Можно ли обеспечить обогрев (м.б. частичный) геотеплом? Сколько это стоит: обустройство, эксплуатация, сроки?
    Есть ли в Подмосковье дома с таким обогревом, где можно посмотреть это в действии?
    С уважением,
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