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Монтаж балкона

15.10.2011 Раздел: Строительство и ремонт Комментарии: (60) Размер текста: A+ / A-

монтаж балконаВ погоне за полезной не отапливаемой площадью и приданием зданию композиции, довольно часто, даже индивидуальные застройщики планируют установку балкона. Балкон состоит из несущей части, пола и ограждения.

Несущая часть представлена плитой, жестко укрепленной в массиве стены, и выступающей за ее пределы. Плиты основания балконов могут быть заводского изготовления или залитые на площадке.

Монтаж балкона начинают с разметки. При разметке наносят риски, ограничивающие положение плиты на стене, при необходимости отвесом переносят положение нижней плиты и отмечают.

Раствор расстилают, не доводя растворную грядку 20-30 мм до конца стены. Готовые плиты, обычно, закладывают в стену на 30-40 см, приваривая к ранее заделанным в кладку анкерам и петлям плит перекрытия. Плита укладывается горизонтально, допускается небольшой уклон к свободному концу.

усиление балконов

Горизонтальность проверяют, укладывая правило и уровень в двух перпендикулярных направлениях. После выверки положения плиты устанавливают временные подпоры или тяги, с их помощью, также, можно подогнать уклон плиты, после этого стропы снимают. Подпоры будут нужны до тех пор, пока плита не заделается кирпичной кладкой, и пока последняя не наберет 75% проектной прочности. Высоту распорок подгоняют с помощью гаек, если они винтовые, или с помощью пологих широких клинов. Затем устанавливают ограждение, следует помнить, что несущая плита не рассчитана на возведение на ней тяжелых ограждений, поэтому кирпичную кладку применять не рекомендуется.

плиты балконов

Заливка балконных плит на площадке ответственное и трудоемкое занятие, зато дает возможность подогнать любые размеры и формы плиты. Чаще всего, из кладки выпускаются закладные детали, образующие основу несущего каркаса, это могут быть швеллера, рельсы, толстая арматура и т.п. В основном закладные выпускаются на всю длину или половину ширины плиты по ходу кладки или при устройстве монтажного пояса.

Каркас плиты представлен арматурной сеткой с ячейками от 80*80 до 150*150 мм, уложенной в один или два слоя. Толщину арматуры подбирают так, чтобы защитный слой бетона был не менее 30-50мм сверху и снизу сетки, такой же защитный слой желательно устанавливать и по бокам плиты. Предусмотрительным шагом будет крепеж к каркасу закладных деталей для устройства перил.

усиление балконной плиты

После разметки и установки закладных устанавливаются распорки, на которых монтируется опалубка. Для придания нижней грани плиты эстетичный вид лучше использовать один гладкий щит (например, лист OSB или ДСП). Для исключения проседания низа опалубки ее условно делят на квадраты 40*40-60*60 см в углах. В них устанавливаются распорки, на которые укладываются разгрузочные брусы, выполняющие роль опоры для опалубки. Шаг между такими брусами составляет от 40 до 50 см. Затем производиться монтаж боковой части опалубки. Всю опалубку выверяют по горизонтали и надежно крепят. Арматурную сетку лучше связывать вязальной проволокой.

Заливка плиты должна производиться за один прием, бетон обычно берется М150-200, класса В-12,5 или 15. При устройстве открытых и широких балконов возможно добавление в бетон гидрофобных и уплотняющих добавок. После укладки бетонной смеси ее следует тщательно уплотнить, для этого используют ручные или механические трамбовки и вибраторы.

Демонтаж опалубки производят после того как бетон достигнет расчетной прочности (7-28 суток). Не рекомендуется устанавливать плиты балконов толще 20 см. Также, при жаркой погоде, желательно защитить бетон от чрезмерно быстрого высыхания – периодически смачивая или накрывая гидроизоляционным материалом (обычно берут целлофан).

Монтаж балкона работа не слишком сложная, но она потребует от Вас времени и внимания.

Монтаж балкона Reviewed by Vash-Remontik.ru on . В погоне за полезной не отапливаемой площадью и приданием зданию композиции, довольно часто, даже индивидуальные застройщики планируют установку балкона. Балкон В погоне за полезной не отапливаемой площадью и приданием зданию композиции, довольно часто, даже индивидуальные застройщики планируют установку балкона. Балкон Rating:
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