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Методика расчета времени намаза

11.08.2018 Раздел: Разное Комментарии: (94) Размер текста: A+ / A-

Мусульманам предписано совершать пять обязательных молитв в день. Для начала выполнения каждой молитвы отведено определенное время. В данной статье кратко описаны эти периоды и объяснена методика математического вычисления времени намаза.
Продолжительность истинных солнечных суток отличается в разные периоды года, так как движение солнца по эклиптике не является равномерным. Зимой, в северном полушарии, сутки длиннее, чем летом в южном из-за эксцентриситета земной орбиты.

Таким образом были определены средние солнечные сутки, которые равны 24 часа в течение всего года. По-сути, средние солнечные сутки не являются реальным значением, так как отклоняется от истинных и для их расчета за основу берется фиктивная точка — «среднее солнце», которая движется не по эклиптике, а по небесному экватору. Отклонения истинного времени от среднего в течение года можно проследить на графике.

Две вышеописанные астрономические меры могут быть получены различными способами. Один из способов — это алгоритм расчета Военно-морской обсерватории США, который определяет угловые координаты солнца с точностью до одной угловой минуты в течение двух столетий второго тысячелетия. Точность данного алгоритма ухудшается постепенно за пределами четырехвекового окна применимости, т.е. этот метод является вполне адекватным для определения времени восхода и заката солнца, также смотрите где найти Время намаза в Москве на сегодня.Без-имени1-1

В алгоритме используется следующие понятия:

  • Юлианская дата, для которой требуются координаты солнца.
  • Астрономическая эпоха (J2000.0) — момент времени, в котором точно определены элементы орбит и астрономические координаты.

Аср

Существует два основных мнения о том, как рассчитывать Время намаза в Москве. Большинство мазхабов (Шафиитский, Маликитский, Джафаритский и Ханбалитский) говорят о том, что это время, когда длина тени любого объекта равна длине самого объекта плюс длина тени этого объекта в полдень.

Доминирующее мнение в в Ханафитском мазхабе говорит о том, что Аср начинается, когда длина тени любого объекта в два раза превышает длину объекта и длину тени этого объекта в полдень.

Следующая формула вычисляет разницу во времени между серединой дня и временем, в течение которого тень объекта равна t раз больше длины самого объекта плюс длина тени этого объекта в полдень.
Магриб

Согласно суннитской точке зрения, время молитвы Магриба начинается после того, как солнце полностью зашло за горизонт т.е. Магриб равен Закату. Некоторые калькуляторы предлагают корректировку от 1 до 3 минут после заката для предосторожности.

По мнению шиитов, доминирующее мнение состоит в том, что молитву Магриб не следует выполнять до тех пор, пока не исчезнет покраснение в восточном небе, появившееся после заката солнца. Как правило, в расчет берется сумеречный угол, более подробнее смотрите на сайте mynamaz.ru.

Методика расчета времени намаза Reviewed by Vash-Remontik.ru on . Мусульманам предписано совершать пять обязательных молитв в день. Для начала выполнения каждой молитвы отведено определенное время. В данной статье кратко описа Мусульманам предписано совершать пять обязательных молитв в день. Для начала выполнения каждой молитвы отведено определенное время. В данной статье кратко описа Rating: 0
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