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Колоноскопия: подготовка и проведение

06.07.2018 Раздел: Разное Комментарии: (45) Размер текста: A+ / A-

Не так страшна колоноскопия, как подготовка к ней. В современных условиях проведение колоноскопии занимает от 20 минут до 1 часа, причем большую часть этого времени пациент проводит в бессознательном состоянии. А вот на подготовку к колоноскопии придется затратить не менее недели. Как очистить кишечник перед колоноскопией, какую выбрать клизму и какие препараты принимать – на все вопросы эта статья даст ответ.

Колоноскопия – это исследование, при помощи которого врач может обнаружить изменения или аномалии в толстой кишке и прямой кишке. Во время этой процедуры в заднепроходное отверстие вставляется длинная гибкая трубка (колоноскоп).

wevio-medical-devices-business-developmentНа конце ее установлена крошечная видеокамера, которая позволяет доктору исследовать внутреннюю поверхность на протяжении всего толстого кишечника. Если потребуется, при колоноскопии также можно провести удаление полипов или другие виды новообразований или взять образцы ткани на анализ (
мовипреп).

Человек желает пройти обследование на предмет наличия рака толстой кишки. Если пациенту более 50 лет, и при этом в роду у него не наблюдалось случаев возникновения рака толстой кишки, врач может порекомендовать ему проходить колоноскопию каждые 7-10 лет.

Поиск и удаление полипов. Если пациент склонен к образованию полипов на стенках толстого кишечника, врач может предложить ему проходить колоноскопию через определенные промежутки времени, чтобы в процессе осмотра находить и удалять возникшие полипы. Эта процедура проводится для снижения риска возникновения рака прямой кишки.

Сама по себе колоноскопия занимает не так много времени. Это малотравматичная процедура, большинство людей переживают ее под воздействием анестезии, а восстановление после нее занимает от силы пару часов.

Больше всего трудностей для пациентов составляет не само обследование, а подготовка к нему. Немного утешает, что если колоноскопия прошла успешно, следующая может не потребоваться в течение 7-10 лет, также смотрите подготовка к колоноскопии.

Перед колоноскопией необходимо провести очищение кишечника, чтобы он был пустым и максимально чистым (насколько это возможно) – иначе остатки пищи и каловые массы могут затруднить доктору обзор.

Как правило, когда врач назначает проведение колоноскопии, он сообщает больному, как именно надо к ней готовиться, что есть, какие препараты употреблять и каких реакций организма следует ожидать в процессе подготовки. Метод подготовки к колоноскопии подбирается для каждого пациента в индивидуальном порядке.

Слабительные средства. Рекомендуется использовать препараты, назначенные врачом. Влажные салфетки или хорошая туалетная бумага. После нескольких походов в туалет в течение короткого промежутка времени обычная дешевая туалетная бумага может начать царапать и раздражать кожу, а если позыв застал за пределами дома, помогут влажные салфетки.

Предпочтительно использовать салфетки с соком алоэ или витамином Е – эти вещества помогут успокоить воспаленную кожу. Увлажняющий противовоспалительный крем для кожи. Во время подготовки к колоноскопии рекомендуется регулярно смазывать область заднепроходного отверстия кремом – это снимет раздражение и поможет снизить риск возникновения воспаления, вызванного диареей и воздействием туалетной бумаги.6307c839205748431804a93ef151c30b

Пищевые продукты. На более поздних этапах подготовки к колоноскопии потребуется питаться согласно предписаниям врача; желательно продумать свое меню в дни, предшествующие обследованию.

Рекомендуется запастись легко перевариваемой пищей, которая не вызовет запора, и достаточным количеством жидкости. Это могут быть как спортивные напитки, так и светлые прозрачные жидкости, более подробнее смотрите на сайте http://moviprep.ru/.

Колоноскопия: подготовка и проведение Reviewed by Vash-Remontik.ru on . Не так страшна колоноскопия, как подготовка к ней. В современных условиях проведение колоноскопии занимает от 20 минут до 1 часа, причем большую часть этого вре Не так страшна колоноскопия, как подготовка к ней. В современных условиях проведение колоноскопии занимает от 20 минут до 1 часа, причем большую часть этого вре Rating: 0
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