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Как построить теплицу из поликарбоната

11.12.2011 Раздел: Строительство и ремонт Комментарии: (55) Размер текста: A+ / A-

установка теплицы из поликарбонатаМы все хотим иметь высококачественные, свежие продукты из собственного приусадебного участка круглый год. Проще всего этого добиться, выращивая их в теплице из поликарбоната. Установка теплицы из поликарбоната – удовольствие недешевое, поэтому мы предлагаем соорудить ее своими руками. Сначала давайте определимся, стоит ли начинать строительство.

Каковы преимущества такой теплицы? Во-первых, такая постройка очень долговечна и может прослужить до 35 лет. Во-вторых, материалы, из которых изготавливается теплица, обладают высокой светопроводимостью и защитой от ультрафиолета. В-третьих, теплица обладает хорошей теплоизоляцией, не уступающей по этому параметру постройкам с двойным остеклением. При этих плюсах, стоимость используемых материалов относительно невысока.

Закладка фундамента. Существуют три варианта строительства фундамента, отличающиеся друг от друга, как по качеству, так и по цене. Рассмотрим их подробней. Строительство фундамента из бруса, с последующим его покрытием защитным слоем. Такой фундамент прослужит недолго – не более пяти лет. Использование в строительстве фундамента из блоков ФБС размерами 20х40х20 см. Такой вариант обойдется дороже, но будет намного более долговечным. Третий способ укладки фундамента ленточный. Его строительство занимает довольно долгое время, однако этот фундамент наиболее прочный и долговечный.

монтаж теплицы из поликарбоната

Следующим этапом строительства теплицы является возведение каркаса. Материалом является оцинкованный железный профиль. Его можно найти в большинстве магазинов стройматериалов. Порядок сборки каркаса следующий. Циркулярной пилой или лобзиком разрезается поликарбонат. Удаляется стружка из внутренней полости панели. Электрической дрелью выполняются монтажные отверстия, их нужно сделать на расстоянии не менее 4-5 см от края панели. Т-образные окончания в каркасе саморезами крепят к фундаменту.

Для монтажа теплицы применяются неразъемные или разъемные профили из поликарбоната. Нижние торцы следует покрыть перфолентой, которая обеспечит защиту от проникновения пыли и сток конденсата. Верхние торцы покрываются самоклеящейся сплошной алюминиевой лентой. Если в теплице есть видарки, нужно закрыть перфорированной лентой оба конца. После этого торцы при помощи специальных профилей зарываются панелями. Далее для того, чтобы образующийся конденсат свободно стекал через внутренние каналы панелей, следует просверлить несколько отверстий в профиле. Панели 500-1050 мм. вставляются в пазы профилей и крепятся к продольным опорам изготовленного каркаса с помощью саморезов. Саморезы нужно выбирать снабженные термошайбами, обеспечивающими надежное и герметичное крепление панели, так же термошайбы не допустят смятия панелей.

Последним этапом строительства теплицы является установка проводки отопления. Формула следующая. Величина требуемых килокалорий (потребность в тепле) равна разности температур, умноженной на площадь остекления и коэффициент теплопроводности. После того, как расчет потребности в тепле произведен, нужно выбрать и установить отопительные приборы. Наилучший вариант – алюминиевые конвекторы, которые желательно разместить по периметру равномерно.

Построенную теплицу остается наполнить почвой. В смесь для почвы входит одна часть песка, три части перегноя, две части земли. Нужно добавить сюда мочевину, сульфат калия, суперфосфат из расчета по чайной ложке на ведро смеси. Лучше всего закладывать почву осенью, за время зимы в ней вымрут все вредители.

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Как построить теплицу из поликарбоната Reviewed by Vash-Remontik.ru on . Мы все хотим иметь высококачественные, свежие продукты из собственного приусадебного участка круглый год. Проще всего этого добиться, выращивая их в теплице из Мы все хотим иметь высококачественные, свежие продукты из собственного приусадебного участка круглый год. Проще всего этого добиться, выращивая их в теплице из Rating:
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