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Анодирование металла

04.01.2014 Раздел: Разное Комментарии: (107) Размер текста: A+ / A-

анодирование металла в домашних условияхМеталлическим изделиям можно придать привлекательный вид и защитить их от коррозии, защитив поверхность металла специальной пленкой, образующейся в результате электрохимических реакций. Это может быть оксидирование, анодирование, контактная или электрохимическая окраска (осаждение металла).

Подготовка поверхности металла

В данной статье мы расскажем, как выполнить анодирование металла в домашних условиях. Сначала необходимо подготовить поверхность металла путем ее шлифовки, полировки, обезжиривания и декапирования. Обезжирить поверхность металлического изделия можно, применив органические растворители, в частности, бензин, бензол, спирт либо ацетон. Затем следует провести обработку щелочью (мыльный раствор), после чего промыть металлическую заготовку горячей водой. Черный металл хорошо обезжиривается 15% раствором едкого калия или натра, нагретым до 80 градусов. Алюминий – 10% раствором фосфорнокислого натрия.

процесс анодирования металла

Протравливание металлической поверхности

Декапирование означает легкое протравливание металлической поверхности. Данная обработка необходима для удаления с металла тонкой пленки окислов, мешающих нанесению нового покрытия. Декапирование стальных изделий производится раствором серной кислоты, 80 мл которой разводится в 100 мл воды с добавлением 2-3 г хромпика. Полученный состав наносится на 20 секунд при комнатной температуре. Альтернативой является анодное декапирование в электролите, состоящем из 150 г хромпика, 0,5 мл серной кислоты и 1 л воды.

анодирование металла

Процесс анодирования металла

Анодирование или анодное оксидирование, металла производится в электролитных растворах при воздействии постоянного тока. Используемая для анодирования емкость не должна проводить ток. В качестве электролита подойдет 20% раствор серной кислоты. Для этого 200 мл кислоты добавляются в 800 мл воды. Следует лить серную кислоту в воду, не наоборот! Также используется 30% раствор бисульфита натрия, получаемый, если 300 г бисульфита натрия развести водой до общего объема состава в 1 литр.

самостоятельное анодирование металла

В качестве альтернативы серной кислоте и воде, можно использовать так же раствор углекислого натрия (сода) и хлористого натрия (обыкновенная пищевая соль).

К аноду на алюминиевой подвеске крепят обрабатываемое металлическое изделие, а к катоду – пластину из свинца. При анодировании изделий сложной формы следует подвешивать целый ряд свинцовых пластин. Расстояние до изделия не должно превышать 9 см. Обработка производится при 20 градусах, плотность электротока должна составлять 2-3 А/дм2. Анодирование производится при напряжении 12-15 В и занимает около 1 часа.

Анодирование металла видео:

Анодирование металла Reviewed by Vash-Remontik.ru on . Металлическим изделиям можно придать привлекательный вид и защитить их от коррозии, защитив поверхность металла специальной пленкой, образующейся в результате э Металлическим изделиям можно придать привлекательный вид и защитить их от коррозии, защитив поверхность металла специальной пленкой, образующейся в результате э Rating:
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